The life after death according to Parmenides

The father of Philosophy Parmenides is a presocratic Greek philosopher,  and is well known for writing about his intellectual discovery on logic.

According to Parmenides, to be is to be in existence and nothingness is not.  Being cannot  be effected by death and this is important to be acknowleged otherwise we are bound to be condemned to die due to the anxiety caused by wondering about death.

 Everybody exists, each is endowed with existence, but do we comprehend all the consequences? We think of dying one day, but death is not a state. It is nothing. To be nothing is not to be. More still, it is even nothing, because by saying nothing we still assert something. It is not silence because even silence is something. Nothingness is simply unspeakable; and cannot be attributable to anything that we can describe. To be or not to be is not a question; for it to be a question, it is necessary to exist first.

Indeed, as we exist, the being that we are, could not be in a state of non-being, because the one who is not a “that”, is nothing. Those who believe in paradise won’t be disappointed after death; not because that paradise exists, but because it is necessary to be alive.

Death is an impossible state of oneself. It is not a question here of denying disease, agony and death. These sufferings are very real and we cannot escape them. But  the agony of  feeling infinite dizziness felt experiencing being in front of the eventuality of the destruction is a question to ask. This type of suffering is perfectly useless because it has no relationship between life and death.

SOCRATES

Socrates. You must have heard of the ancient philosopher from the Classical Greek school. Or maybe ‘What I do not know, I do not think I know’ or, ‘I know that I know nothing’; these are the words of Socrates, yes he is the one who liked Epistemology and Ethics. He was born around 470-469 BC, in Athens, Greece. 

He believed that the mind was more important than physical beauty- Physical beauty is an attribute that helps. Humans are drawn to Beauty- the golden ratio above all things that can be seen appear in nature, it is what teaches us symmetry and balance as well as sharing.

His students included Aristotle, Plato, Xenophon, and Aristophanes, some of the most brilliant minds in history. that should tell you that he was a great man. 

What did Aristotle introduce to science? SCIENCE BITCHES!!! Once Time was established by the sun diale a creation of Aristotle we were able to hypothesis, experiment. Making better sense of the world. Wonderments stayed wonderments and mysteries uncovered.

Socrates was not born into nobility he had very minimal Greek education and learned masonry from his father at a tender age. He found it hard to be a philosopher because he had no money. His father Sophroniscus was a sculptor and a mason and his mother Phaenarete was a midwife.

Many believe that Socrates did not make money from teaching, though some people say that his main source of money, especially in the early days, were from teaching. He also practiced his father’s trade of sculpting and masonry and practiced in for many years.

the orgin of the DAEMON! came from Socrates

Socrates was not a fan of religion; in fact, he attracted many enemies because he tried to convert young people from religion. He did not believe in theological belief, instead choosing ethics –like friendship- deeming them as key over religion.

His charges included him not recognizing the gods that the city worshipped and introducing new divinities by corrupting the youth. Socrates believed in a divinity called diamon, which was unfamiliar and unlicensed in Athens, this is what caused his execution after being accused of impiety.

You see, Athenians were polytheistic, a concept which means that gods were created, and did not create the world. They were therefore seen as power-hungry super-beings who were feared for meddling with societal affairs. Athenians, therefore, offered sacrifices and rituals through ceremonies to them to appease them. Socrates did not believe in that, which caused him trouble. He believed the divine to be benevolent, authoritative, rational and wise.

And by being WISE – MEANING NO SACRIFICE!

His discoveries and teachings on epistemology were recorded and taught by his students Xenophon and Plato. He did not leave any recordings behind. He simply pondered upon thoughts daily.

So great was his work, that Socrates is known to have taught Alexander the Great- between 356-323 BCE, Plato, Aristotle and many more. He openly objected to the democracy that ran Athens, believing that ‘ideals belong in a world only the wise man can understand’. 

7. Know thyself 

Socrates had a motto- Know thyself, which meant that people ought to examine their lives. He came up with the Socratic questioning, which meant he taught by drawing answers from his pupils. he meant to challenge the accuracy and completeness of thinking; a way which was meant to push people to achieve their ultimate goals. He was known for his unconventionality and how frugally he lived his life. 

to know thy self! is a command for you! and you alone! DO YOU KNOW WHO YOU ARE? to know is not to accept, it is to know. this is what means, noone can tell you otherwise. DO YOU KNOW WHO ARE? YOU HAVE A NAME, BUT THAT GIVEN, DO YOU SEE YOURSELF AS YOUR NAME? IS THAT HOW YOU KNOW YOURSELF? NO. IT IS NOT. TO KNOW IS TO KNOW. THERE ISNT A QUESTION. ASKING THE QUESTION IS A FORM OF REFUTATION OR ACCEPTANCE.

WHEN YOU KNOW YOUR ABSOLUTE TRUTH, THEN YOU WONDER TO BE OR NOT TO BE. BUT TO BE WHAT? GOOD OR BAD? WHAT DO YOU WANT TO BE? GOOD? GREAT! BAD. HMMM HOW CAN YOU RESOLVE IT. NO SLAYING OF ANY KIND, FOR WE ARE BEINGS.

PLATO

Reasoning, Justice.

These great philiophers created the western world of today.

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